Leg cramps are very common. Almost half of Germany’s population is occasionally affected by it. Risk groups are athletes, pregnant women and senior citizens as here various causes can lead to a change in the electrolyte balance. Being off balance, magnesium, potassium and calcium can no longer interact optimally when transmitting stimuli between nerves and muscles, and the tendency to get cramps increases.
Apart from the risk groups mentioned, people who overexert themselves often get a cramp in their calves, but also those who are not moving much or suffer from feet malpositions. Cramps can also occur without any plausible cause. This is referred to as an idiopathic form.
If symptomatic muscle cramps are involved, these may be symptoms of an underlying disease which can be polyneuropathy and the restless legs syndrome, in rarer cases multiple sclerosis or an amyothrophic lateral sclerosis. It is not uncommon that leg cramps can also occur due to the side effects of medications such as conjugated estrogens, statins, diuretics, beta blockers, calcium antagonists, beta sympathomimetics or antidepressants.
|Deutsch / German||Englisch / English|
|Reizübertragung||transmission of stimul|
|Wadenkrampf||cramp in the calf|
|Wechselduschen||contrast showers (hot and cold)|
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Taking the pain away
Aus der Serie »English Lesson«: Backache is a widespread disease. Eighty-five percent of Germans are affected by it at least once in their lifetime. The good news is that in many cases the pain is uncomplicated and often goes away on its own.
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Not without Enquiring
Aus der Serie »English Lesson: «Nausea and vomiting can have various causes. At the pharmacy mainly gastrointestinal infections and travel sickness are involved, but also a heart attack or meningitis can trigger nausea.
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First of all Water
Diarrhoea is characterised by three or more loose bowel movements per day. Travel-related diarrhoea can in addition have attendant symptoms such as a temperature, tummy ache, bloating, nausea and vomiting.