Take the right action immediately
In the case of all acute painful injuries such as bruises, sprains or twisted ankles the PECH rule should be applied. These initial letters stand for the following measures: take a break, apply ice, use a compression and prop-up the legs. To continue training while in pain usually makes the problem worse. Therefore, the first measure should always be to stop the activity and immobilise the injured body part. A cold compress is used for cooling. It should only be applied to closed injuries and not directly to the skin as there can be a risk of frostbite. When on the road, a cooling gel (such as Dolobene® Cool, WEPA® Kühlgel) or a cold spray (such as EisSpray ratiopharm®, Allgäuer Latschenkiefer® Mobil Eisspray akut or Chloraethyl Dr. Henning®) are suitable; in an emergency, a wet cloth can serve as a substitute. A good tip is to have instant cold pads (such as WEPA® Disposable Cold Instant Compress) in every sports bag. If the compress is pressed, an inner bag filled with water will burst. The water mixes with a cooling granulate, thereby dissolving it. The endothermic reaction will cool down the pad.
When suffering sports injuries, it is also useful to apply a tight bandage. It prevents swelling and bleeding from spreading. An ointment bandage is a good choice (not for open wounds!) First apply a thin layer of pain-relief gel and then put on the bandage. Keeping the affected part of the body elevated will improve the return flow of blood. The fluid that has leaked into the tissue is removed more quickly and the tissue does not swell as much.
After immediate treatment, patients should continue to take it easy. A high-dose heparin ointment (such as Heparin-ratiopharm® Sport-Gel) is suitable to accelerate the healing of haematomas. Ointments and gels with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents such as diclofenac and ibuprofen help against the pain. A patch containing ibuprofen or diclofenac can also provide relief. Topical NSAIDs are generally well tolerated. Many patients find that ointments and gels alone by massaging them in have a soothing and relaxing effect. However, the pharmacy team should point out that there may be possible local side effects such as skin irritations.
Also orally applied NSAIDs, reliably relieve pain in muscles and joints. However, systemic absorption of the active ingredients can cause more side effects, such as gastrointestinal and cardiovascular risks. Under no circumstances should athletes take them in order to be able to continue training despite an injury. »Pain is a body’s warning signal and must be checked,« says Löllgen. »If you train into the pain, you may make the injury worse. Moreover, systemic side effects, for example on the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract, must be taken into consideration when using oral NSAIDs frequently.«
To be on the safe side, those affected should consult a doctor in case of severe pain or considerably limited mobility in order to prevent consequential damage and to have serious injuries such as a broken bone or torn ligament quickly treated adequately. Even if the same problems occur again and again, a visit to the doctor’s surgery is recommended.
Haematomas, bruises and sprains are not the only things that happen during sport. If you fall down on a gravel pitch or when doing sports on the street, you can easily get an open wound or abrasion. If the wound is bleeding heavily, it is best to use a sterile compress to stop it and then apply a suitable emergency bandage. If the wound is soiled, wash it with drinking water or a physiological saline solution (such as B. Braun saline solution 0.9% Miniplasco® connect) and then disinfect it. When travelling, disinfectant wound sprays with octenidine (such as Octenisept® Wound Disinfection) or antiseptic creams (such as Bepanthen® Antiseptic Wound Cream with Chlorhexidine) are suitable for use.
Some patients would like herbal treatment. Ointments with comfrey, arnica cream or tincture are recommended here. These preparations have a decongestant and anti-inflammatory effect. Examples are Traumaplant® pain-relief ointment, Kytta® pain-relief ointment or doc® arnica cream. The medical product Retterspitz® Muscle Ointment has a purely physical effect. Massaging it in thoroughly supports the healing process. Wraps are another proven option. They can be applied externally with a cooling substance such as curd or the proven Retterspitz® poultice solution. After the poultice application, a pain-relief ointment can be applied.
Also a systemic enzyme cure can possibly promote the recovery process. »Tablets with bromelain or trypsin have been on the market for decades«, says Löllgen. »They are supposed to counteract oedema in cases of swellings after an injury and accelerate healing.« Well-known preparations are Wobenzym® and Phlogenzym®.
|Folgeschäden||consequential (health) damages|
|Knochenbruch||broken bone, bone fracture|
|Salbenverband||ointment bandage, ointment dressing|
|Wickel||compress, wrap, poultice|
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